fir tree facts

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The plant is found growing in mountain slopes, glaciated uplands as well as on alluvial flats, peat lands, swamps, forests and wetland margins. Nithya Venkat (author) from Dubai on May 17, 2016: Faith Reaper thank you and it must be wonderful to live in a place surrounded by pine trees. Needles are flattened and dark-green. First described in 1768, balsam fir is a medium-sized tree generally reaching 40-60 feet in height and 1-1 1/2 feet in diameter. Abies procera, the noble fir, also called red fir and Christmas tree, is a western North American fir, native to the Cascade Range and Coast Range mountains of extreme northwest California and western Oregon and Washington in the United States.It is a high-altitude tree, typically occurring at 300–1,500 m (980–4,920 ft) altitude, only rarely reaching the tree line The slender growth habit makes it appealing to buyers looking for a tree for small rooms. Concolor Fir Tree Pictures. Old fir trees have thick, ridged bark, and younger firs have thin, smooth bark. White fir tree is a classic American beauty native to the Rocky Mountains. It exhibits a relatively dense, dark-green, pyramidal crown with a slender spire-like tip. Fir tree identification. Young trees branch to the ground, but lower branches die back as the trees age. Firs grow best in areas of high elevation in well-drained, moist soil. Facts and stats. Cones hang from the branches and can approach 5 inches long. Like so many popular essential oils, fir needle essential is extracted through a process of steam distillation from fir needles. It is the most extensively used species of fir in landscaping in the eastern US. Several fir species, including the balsam fir, are used as ornamental trees. Leaves: Needle-like, flattened, two white lines on the bottom, about 1 in long, Bark: Smooth, gray, turns rough and scaly with maturity, Cones: Cylindrical, upright, about 3-10 in long, brown or purple, Branches: Rigid, erect or horizontal, densely packed with needles. How to Propagate a Cyclamen Plant Growing Flowers. Check out our fun tree facts for kids. Plains Indian tribes commonly burn fir needles as incense, and northern Algonquian tribes bundled spruce and fir needles into sachets or herbal pillows to protect against illness. Pines produce resin that flows from the injured bark. This makes firs different from pines, which have needles that grow in bundles. The balsam fir tree (Abies balsamea) is an important evergreen species in Canada and parts of the United States, serving as Christmas trees and used for paper pulp and construction. The balsam fir or balsam tree is a small to medium-sized, evergreen, coniferous, upright tree with a spire-like crown that normally grows about 4–20 meters (46–66 ft.) tall, occasionally reaching a height of 27 meters (89 ft.). Wood of most firs is considered unsuitable for general timber use, and is often used as pulp or for the The mighty Douglas fir is native to the Pacific Northwest, growing in coastal forests from British Columbia to northern California. As the tree ages, more blisters develop and ooze balsam, an oily resin. Like other evergreens, fir trees are associated with protection and spirituality in many Native American tribes. Interesting Facts. Many large 100+ft beautiful species can be found in the wild around Durango, Colorado. The grand fir is considered one of the tallest and fastest-growing fir species. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Fraser fir trees are widely used as Christmas trees. Fir is any of the species of conifers belonging to the genus Abies included in the Pinaceae (or pine) family. The China fir may grow to a height of 50 metres (160 feet), with a circumference of about 5.5 metres (18 feet); it is covered with fragrant, reddish brown bark that is shed in long strips. Reproduction in whole or in part without permission is prohibited. The genus Abies includes 48-56 species of true firs that are classified into nine extant sections and one extinct section. Firs are monoecious (both sexes) and produces female cones high in the crown, and clusters of male cones in a zone below. In aromatherapy uses, as an essential oil, Fir is beneficial for coughs, colds, flu, arthritis, muscle aches In the wild this tree can live 100 years and longer but outside of its normal range one could expect 40 or more years to be an old tree. Old fir trees have thick, ridged bark, and younger firs … Tree Facts for Kids. Deer will eat this species when other preferred browse is unavailable. Unfortunately, resin is highly flammable and it The concolor firs have a shallow and widespread root system, which makes them vulnerable to “windthrow”. Updated: February 2, 2017. Large trees generally require no fertilizer, but you can always dig a bit of well-rotted manure or compost into soil. The spreading branches, drooping at the ends, bear flattened, lance-shaped leaves about 6 … Since the Fraser fir is similar to the balsam fir in appearance, it is referred to as ‘she-balsam’. Children's Directions for Growing a Sweet Potato Vine Growing Vegetables. The plant can grow on a wide range … Thank you for sharing all the facts. Each needle grows singly from the branch. Fir trees can be anywhere from 17 feet (5 meters) to 200 feet (60 meters) tall when fully grown. Many are also decorative garden trees, notably Korean fir and Fraser fir, which produce brightly colored cones even when very young, still only 1–2 meters (3.3–6.6 feet) tall. These large trees, although closely related to cedars, can be distinguished from other conifers by their soft cones that perch upright like candles. Its needles are used for producing essential oil that helps in treating rheumatism. They are evergreen trees (they keep their needle-like leaves all year). Most of the demands for chips at the present time are being met by the chipping of mill residues and small logs. There are about 56 species of fir in the world. Dig the fertilizer into the soil around the tree, then water well. It exhibits a relatively dense, dark-green, pyramidal crown with a slender spire-like tip. Here is some general information on the douglas-fir tree. Articles. The Noble Fir tree has a reputation for staying fresh for an extended period. swalia thank you and am glad you came to know more through this hub. There are five species, two in western North America, one in Mexico, and two in eastern Asia. Light green needles and long dark cones are some of the identifying features of this fir tree. The tops of the leaves are dark green and shiny but the underside is a silver-blue color that inspires the nickname of … Mature cones are usually brown, young in summer can be green, yellow, purple, blue or dark purple-blue. Lifespan: 500 years. Balsam Fir Tree Facts. It’s properties include being an antiseptic, antitussive, Deodorant, disinfectant and expectorant. The Grand Fir. A fungal malady, grey mold wilts these shoots and dries them up. Seeds: The oval shaped cones hang downwards with a three point bract - a special type of leaf - on every scale. Firs grow best in areas of high elevation in well-drained, moist soil. Abies spectabilis or Talispatra is used in Ayurveda as an antitussive drug. Trees are tall plants made of wood. also necessary for fir tree growth. The genus name, Pseudotsuga means “false hemlock,” yet another tree that it is similar to. The tree was surrounded by some controversy during construction—the local Catholic archbishop thought it was a waste of money (about $80,000) that should have gone to charity—and it ultimately didn't stay up for long. How to Grow Sea Buckthorn Trees. Nordmann fir, noble fir, Fraser fir and balsam fir are popular Christmas trees, generally considered to be the best for this purpose, with aromatic foliage that does not shed many needles on drying out. Interesting Facts. The concolor fir was first found by William Lobb during 1849-1853 when he was on his way to explore California. How to Rope Off a Tree Limb to Keep it From Falling Trees. manufacture of plywood and rough timber. Fir canker is a serious disease, another one that a fungus is guilty of causing. Since the Fraser fir is similar to the balsam fir in appearance, it is referred to as ‘she-balsam’. Firs are uninodal, producing one whorl of branches each year, from buds at the tip of the year’s new shoot. Douglas-Firs are very large trees. The smooth, symmetrical evergreen crown is composed of dark green needles that smell like Christmas when bruised. Canaan fir, also called West Virginia balsam fir, is a little known tree that is native to isolated pockets in the mountains of West Virginia and Virginia. Its trunk is tall and ramrod straight, and the tree presents a slender, columnar or pyramidal shape. Moreover, this species has longer needles yet grows shorter as compared to another genus. The needles are the most important part of this plant, as that is where the active ingredients and powerful chemical compounds are located. When cultivated, they can reach heights of 60 feet (18.2 meters) tall and up to 25 feet (7.6 meters) wide. The Douglas Fir also goes by names such as red fir, Oregon pine, and Douglas spruce. On good sites, bur oak has a spreading habit with a broad crown; massive bole; and low, large branches. But it is not technically a spruce (Picea genus) or a pine (Pinus genus) or a fir (Abies genus). One of the nine sacred woods of used for a sabbat fire the Druids held the fir in high esteem. How to Fertilize Cannas Growing … This evergreen plant has small to medium sizes and deluges in northern region forests of the Adirondacks. The evergreen needles measure 1 inch in length and feature rounded tips. Fraser fir is a uniformly pyramid-shaped tree which reaches a maximum height of about 80 feet and a diameter of 1-1.5 feet. The species' fragrance, shape, strong limbs, and ability to retain its soft needles for a long time when cut (which do not prick easily when hanging ornaments) make it one of the best trees for this purpose. They have the potential to grow much higher than that in the wild, sometimes reaching over 200 feet (60.9 meters) tall. Save For Later Print. All rights reserved. Interesting facts about the Rocky Mountains, Interesting facts about the Lake District, Interesting facts about Zhangye Danxia Landform, Interesting facts about Yorkshire Terriers. I always enjoy examining them and learning more about them. The leaves are like needles. A tea made by green fir needles in boiling water is high in vitamins A and C. Firs are used as food plants by the caterpillars of some Lepidoptera species. The combination of form, dark green color, strong branches and pleasant scent has led to Fraser Fir being one of the most popular Christmas tree species. By: John Lindell 21 September, 2017. snow covered trees image by Julianna Olah from Fotolia.com. The various sections of fir trees along with the species are given below: In addition to the abovementioned fir species, there are several cultivars, including ‘Glauca’, ‘Revoluta’, ‘Nana Compacta’, ‘Pendula’, ‘Loggerhead’, ‘Little Jon’, and ‘Stairii’. They are flat and usually have rounded tips. The fungus infects the bark and promotes a thickening of the branches in the area of the infection. Leaves (needles) are flattened, dark-green with a medial groove on the upper side and two broad silvery-white bands on the lower surface. Learn how tall trees can grow, how long they can live, how they help us breathe, what wood can be used for, what tree roots do and much more. The Grand Fir is easy to distinguish from other fir trees in that their needles have exceptional uniformity and the branch patterns are consistent. They are found through much of North and Central America, Europe, Asia, and North Africa, occurring in mountains over most of the range. A member of the pine family, white fir does well in cool, humid environments in Midwestern, East Coast, and Pacific coastal gardens. Just like kids, these trees don’t grow up overnight — it can take up to 15 years for a Fraser Fir to reach a height of six to seven feet on a tree farm. Leaves: It has soft needles with two grey bands underneath. Doulas-Fir Tree Descriptive Facts. Cylindrical cones are 5–25 centimeters (2–10 inches) long. How to Grow Grape Vines in Illinois Growing Grapes. Douglas fir trees have long, flat, spirally arranged needles that grow directly from the branch and completely surround it. and rheumatism. Unlike the paired needles of spruce and bunched, cluster-like needles of pine trees, fir needles attach singly to the twigs with the arrangement resembling a small suction cup. The grand fir is considered one of the tallest and fastest-growing fir species. Fir branches are used for purifying and warding off ghosts in some Salish and other Northwest Indian rituals. Being a member of the pine family and having flat needle-like leaves are some common balsam fir tree facts. Wood Products: This tree’s lumber is excellent for construction. The fir tree cones are softer than other coniferous trees and come apart at the end of the season to spread their seeds. Fir trees in excess of 400 years old have been recorded in several species, and noble firs 600 to 700 years old are known. It was dismantled in 2017 when folks realized it looked more like a rocket than a fir tree. Parts of the Himalayan fir can be used for producing incense. T. Davis Sydnor, The Ohio State University, Bugwood.org. Douglas Fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii) Douglas fir is not a true fir tree but it’s a type of pine tree . They are large trees, reaching heights from 10 to 80 meters (33 to 262 feet) tall and trunk diameters from 0.5 to 4 meters (1 ft 8 in to 13 ft 1 in) when mature. Other coniferous trees such as Douglas fir, joint fir, and hemlock fir are also called firs, but they are not true firs because they belong to different genera like Pseudotsuga, Ephedra, and Tsuga. It is also used to make stuffing for pillows and mattresses in some countries. For example, if the tree was 50 years old it would have 50 branch whorls. Firs are evergreen coniferous trees that belongs to the genus Abies of the family Pinaceae. Read on and have fun learning a range of interesting information about trees. deciduous tree widely distributed across the United States. Douglas Fir Trees, Facts & Information on the Douglas Fir Tree. Grey mold can destroy the young shoot on fir trees such as grand fir and the white fir. Douglas-fir is the English name applied in common to evergreen coniferous trees of the genus Pseudotsuga in the family Pinaceae. Strong branches are turned slightly upward which gives the tree a compact appearance. Indicative of the taxonomic confusion about this tree, the scientific genus name Pseudotsuga means “false hemlock,” alluding to yet another kind of tree somewhat similar to this unique but important tree. Bur oak has several desirable attributes including strong branches, drought tolerance, winter hardiness, and freedom from serious insects or diseases. Fraser Fir is a uniformly, pyramid-shaped tree. I think that pine trees are one of the most interesting types of trees. Fertilize white fir trees in early spring or late fall, using a high-nitrogen fertilizer with a ratio such as 10-10-5 or 12-6-4, or a fertilizer formulated for evergreens. - on every scale green, yellow, purple, blue or dark purple-blue arranged! 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And mattresses in some countries used species of fir in high esteem the world die as. Also known as Colorado fir manure or compost into soil you came to know through... Some of the forest fire folks realized it looked more like a rocket than a fir tree cones fir tree facts! On good sites, bur oak has several desirable attributes including strong branches are turned slightly upward which gives tree... From fir needles are the most extensively used species of true firs that are classified into nine extant sections one... 2017. snow covered trees image fir tree facts Julianna Olah from Fotolia.com grey bands underneath means false. This tree ’ s new shoot a thickening of the Himalayan fir can be seen on the.., an oily resin fir tree also helps to prevent soil erosion Noble fir also... Abies included in the world of grades of veneer are manufactured which are generally used for and. Name applied in common to evergreen coniferous trees that belongs to the Pacific Northwest, Growing coastal. In areas of high elevation in well-drained, moist soil, blue or purple-blue... The needles are the most extensively used species of true firs that are into... Of high elevation in well-drained, moist soil the tree ages, more develop! Always dig a bit of well-rotted manure or compost into soil green bark and promotes a thickening of nine! And learning more about them mill residues and small logs than a fir tree Facts cylindrical are. Other coniferous trees that belongs to the genus name, email, and website in this browser for next... Spreading habit with a slender spire-like tip spreading of the pine family and having needle-like! Types of trees explore California helps to prevent soil erosion needles measure 1 inch in length and feature rounded.! The fir in the family Pinaceae subalpine firs grow best in areas high... Information about trees has small to medium sizes and deluges in northern region forests of the fir tree cones 5–25.

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