samoan culture in new zealand

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Samoan language and culture is being celebrated in the country this week under the slogan "Keep your identity alive to thrive." Cooperation and consensus are also common principles that influence interactions with others. While village and city life differ in terms of work and lifestyle, there are general similarities across both settings. Young Samoans … For many, living in the city is temporary as they often intend to return to their village later. Coconut Milk. 2013. Feuʻu, Poiva Junior Ashleigh. The exhibition 'Entangled Islands' chronicles the relationship between New Zealand and Samoa, the bad and better times, and how it's changed both countries. New Zealand and Samoa continue to have a close relationship and share a vision for a prosperous and resilient Samoa with a skilled and healthy Samoan population. Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 New Zealand Licence. The Matai was traditionally male, but nowadays women can gain leadership status. In 1998 one New Zealand-born Samoan described what it means to follow fa‘asamoa: ‘The fa‘asamoa is: go to church, be a good Samoan, and that means to try your best at education, and looking after family, and go to family functions, plus that we've got to look after them when they're old.’ 1. The Samoan way of life, or fa‘a Samoa, is… The vast majority of Samoans possess Polynesian heritage, with approximately 96% identifying as ethnically Samoan as of 2011. For many, adhering to fa’a Samoa is closely associated with honouring one’s family. Although some Samoan values and customs have changed since the country came into contact with Europe, Samoans continue to strive to preserve fa’a Samoa. The vast majority of Samoans possess Polynesian heritage, with approximately 96% identifying as ethnically Samoan as of 2011.1 Another 2% identify with a mix of Samoan and New Zealand ancestry, while 1.9% identify with some other ethnicity.2 Samoan society is generally free of ethnic tension, largely as a result of homogeneity and a history of intermarriage that has blurred distinctive ethnic boundaries. For example, people tend to be communal and share their goods rather than prizing their individual ownership. In Census 2013, over a third (35.7 percent) of Pacific peoples were aged under 15 years, compared with only a fifth (20.4 percent) of the total population For New Zealand-born Samoans, fluency is not important to identity; it is enough that they understand the language, communicate with their island-born family, and adopt their parents’ fa‘asamoa beliefs. While the nuances of the Matai system are difficult to articulate, the title of Matai is generally passed down from parent to child or given based on the view that the recipient will best serve the family or village. For example, Samoans abroad will often send remittances to family members in Samoa as a way to maintain family connections and respect for one another. A young New Zealand Samoan man called Adam (Neil Amituanai) ventures to his motherland to try and impress his crush Mary (Gloria Ofa Blake), who claims she only likes "real" Pacific Island men. For them, proficiency in the language distinguishes those who are truly Samoan. While it is not necessarily mutually intelligible with the other dialects, many words are identical or similar. (indicating when these statistics were last updated). Many will socialise with their family and friends on a regular basis, particularly on Sundays after attending church services. Genealogies and legends are often passed down and elaborated through the generations. You are on the verge of making an overseas move to the beautiful islands of Samoa. The author argues that emigration CIA World Factbook The role of a Matai is based on one’s ability to serve those around them rather than seek prestige. The status of Matai is highly respected among the community. Since the introduction of a cash economy following contact with Europeans, the power of Matai has been reduced. Victoria University of Wellington. For example, Christian values and beliefs that were brought to the island in the 19th century have been integrated into fa’a Samoa. Young people are expected to serve and show respect to elders, and can expect to receive love, protection, honour, a name to be proud of, and defence by the family when it is needed. fa‘alavelave (ceremonial and other family obligations). In Samoa there’s a ‘third gender’ – the Fa’afafine. After occupying German Samoa at the outbreak of the First World War, the New Zealand administration was blamed for mishandling the 1918 influenza pandemic, which killed more than one-fifth of the … In the village area, local law prevails, which can vary from village to village. However, if these statistics The Census of 1921 lists 164 persons in New Zealand who were born in Western Samoa 1; the 1945 Census lists 592 2 and that of 1956 lists 2,995 3—an expansion from 1945 to 1956 of the order of 5. 2 Samoan society is generally free of ethnic tension, largely as a result of homogeneity and a history of intermarriage that has … While these meanings continue today, tattooing is also often seen in contemporary Samoan society as a sign of dedication and pride towards one’s family, regardless of their status in society. The legal age for buying alcohol in New Zealand is 18. Some have learnt it through their jobs, or by helping their elders deal with schools and government authorities. Nonetheless, the fa’a Matai system persists as an integral part of fa’a Samoa. Money, prayers, support, food, material goods, and even relatives themselves, circulate within families around the world – wherever Samoan people live and work. In this system, society is organised by extended families (aiga), with each family having its own ‘Matai’ (‘chief’ or ‘leader’) titles that are connected to certain districts, villages and plots of family land. 1 defence, 2 discipline, and the 3rd one is the DAKKLE. Department of Home Affairs’ Community Information Summaries. You can find a direct link to all these sources under the ‘References’ "And because there is a large number of Samoans now living in Auckland, so they need to embrace their culture. Thompson, Pausa Kaio. Various values that underpin daily interactions are considered to be a part of fa’a Samoa. In 1997 the island nation officially shortened its name to Samoa. Once a part of traditional Samoan culture, the tatau is undergoing a strong revival in contemporary Samoa. There are strict rules against providing alcohol for people under that age. The Samoan language is a cherished symbol of cultural identity for many Samoans. The concept of fa‘asamoa is essential to Samoan identity, and consists of a number of values and traditions: There are also the associated values of alofa (love), tautua (service), fa‘aaloalo (respect), feagaiga (a covenant between sibilings and others) and usita‘i (discipline). Because their parents do not understand English, those New Zealand-born Samoans who speak Samoan fluently are often obliged to speak Samoan in the home. A Samoan becomes the Matai of a village through the complex and sophisticated hierarchical Matai system, which includes an election by consensus. Although the earlier culture of the Māori displayed social stratification, the classes relatively disappeared with influence and interaction with other cultures. , Please provide your email to receive your eBook download and receipt. 2013. the most recent global estimates cited in the CIA World Factbook. What remains constant is maintaining the family and links with the homeland. Smoking Not every Samoan has the same understanding of the concept. Many New Zealand-born Samoans exploring alternatives take on the PI (Pacific Island) identity. Samoan society is based on a collectivist system of governance known as ‘fa’a Matai’. Most Samoans have lived in coastal villages and continue to do so, with about four-fifths of the population located in rural areas. and Population Census. Conversely, Apia (the capital city) contains approximately one-fifth of Samoa’s population. Throughout the Pacific islands and around the world more broadly is beckoning.But what you! 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