plans for load balancing, autoscaling, and cloud monitoring services. Terremark is one of the first VMWare vCloud providers. The original CPU performance metrics did not accurately depict performance on multi-core servers. Speedyrails is a VPS provider based out of Quebec Canada. EC2 encourages scalable deployment of applications by providing a web service through which a user can boot an Amazon Machine Image (AMI) to configure a virtual machine, which Amazon calls an "instance", containing any software desired. , EBS volumes provide persistent storage independent of the lifetime of the EC2 instance, and act much like hard drives on a real server. To translate from CCS to CCU, we determine the closest matching row(s) to the CCS for a given cloud server using the left column, and then compute an CCU value using the right column (if the CCS falls between 2 rows, a proportional average CCU value is calculated). Prices shown are Australian Dollar. All of our cloud servers were deployed on homogenous harware: Xeon L5520 "Nehalem" 2.26 GHz. However, any instance can be rented on a per month basis as well.  In November 2012, Windows Server 2012 support was added. Module Experts provides a full line of options for Porsche ECMs. Because of these factors, we feel that the ECU metric provides a good, standard, understandable metric for comparing cloud servers not only within EC2, but also within other IaaS clouds as well. In October 2008, EC2 added the Windows Server 2003 and Windows Server 2008 operating systems to the list of available operating systems. We use the average of the highest scores in all 4 EC2 regions (generally from the m2.4xlarge 26 ECU instance) to produce a 100% baseline for each of these 19 benchmarks. We acknowledge that it is not perfect and hope to make improvements over time. Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Amazon server outage affects Reddit, other websites, "New – Use Amazon EC2 Mac Instances to Build & Test macOS, iOS, ipadOS, tvOS, and watchOS Apps", "Amazon Web Services adds 'resiliency' to EC2 compute service", "Amazon EBS (Elastic Block Store) - Bring Us Your Data", "Nimbula puffs up 'cloud operating system, "Amazon's early efforts at cloud computing? This is most likely due to the very new and extremely fast Xeon X5650 "Westmere" hardware it runs on. Do you struggle with working on big data (large data sets) on your laptop ?  Lightning was originally blamed for the outage; however, on August 11, Irish energy supplier ESB Networks dismissed this as a cause, but at time of writing, could not confirm what the cause of the problem was. All instances we benchmarked in both data centers utilized homogenous Opteron 2374 "Shanghai" 2.2 GHz hardware. In it, we'll focus purely on raw CPU performance. If requesting a full transfer of assets from this account, the receiving firm's transfer paperwork can be submitted directly to the receiving firm as an alternative. Their instance sizes includes the following: With a few exceptions, most of our CPU benchmarks showed clear upward scaling (although not always proportional) from m1.small (1 ECU) up to m2.4xlarge (26 ECUs). aws s3 cp multiple files wildcard, By changing Resource field from a wildcard '*' to a more specific resource ARN can limit the service the assumed role can do. How we choose between Public Cloud and Private Cloud. In September 2016, AWS announced several enhancements to Reserved Instances, introducing a new feature called scope and a new reservation type called a Convertible. All servers deployed to identical Xeon X7460 2.66 GHz hardware. I was determined to solve this problem, and thankfully, in few hours, I managed to set up a 24GB machine on AWS for FREE and got improved results.I got it for FREE because I used the trial version with limited features, just to see how fast could it work. They provide 2 types of cloud servers. While Linode doesn't market itself as a "cloud", we included it in the benchmarks because they are a good and very popular service and provide many of the features common to the cloud including auto-provisioning, disk imaging. The following results are broken down by cloud server vendor. All our benchmark servers deployed on to either Xeon X3460 2.8 GHz or E5520 2.27 GHz hardware. A user can create, launch, and terminate server-instances as needed, paying by the second for active servers – hence the term "elastic". EC2 provides users with control over the geographical location of instances that allows for latency optimization and high levels of redundancy. , Amazon announced a limited public beta test of EC2 on August 25, 2006, offering access on a first-come, first-served basis. Have you ever tried different configurations and found there are a lot of knobs to turn in AWS? Higher-availability database services, like Amazon Relational Database Service run separately from EC2 instances. ™ Cassandra and AWS Support on AWS/EC2 Comprehensive Guide to Deploying Cassandra on AWS • Covers VPC, EC2, EBS, AMIs, concerns • Covers Networking • Covers instance storage vs. EBS • Covers KMS encryption • March 2017 • Accurate and up to date • Comprehensive guide • Working examples with src • … This post will be the first in a series highlighting the results of these benchmarks. Zerigo is a VPS and Cloud Server vendor based out of Denver, CO. All benchmark servers deployed on identical hardware, Opteron 2374 2.20 GHz. Their use of multiple data centers appears to deal more with capacity issues rather than to offer user choice. The first is traditional 2-48GB cloud server running on multi-tenant hosts. A user can programmatically map an elastic IP address to any virtual machine instance without a network administrator's help and without having to wait for DNS to propagate the binding. They maintain data centers in Australia, New Zealand, London, and Texas. Storm on Demand was launched a few months ago by Liquid Web.  In October 2017, AWS announced the allowance to subdivide the instances purchased for more flexibility , Cloud providers maintain large amounts of excess capacity they have to sell or risk incurring losses. GoGrid's servers showed a decent linear performance increase with larger sized instances. The pricing shown in these table is for straight hourly pricing. In Amazon Web Services (AWS), the amount of CPU that is allocated to a particular instance is expressed in terms of EC2 Compute Units. Spot: bid-based service: runs the jobs only if the spot price is below the bid specified by bidder. Of the 20 server clouds we benchmarked, only 4 appear to be providing such an environment: EC2, Storm on Demand, GoGrid and NewServers. In addition, EBS supports a number of advanced storage features, including snapshotting and cloning. Many provide an approximation of how that terminology relates to physical resources (e.g. Once the comparison table was populated, we use the same algorithm to compute CCS values for every cloud server benchmarked. These block devices can then be used like any raw block device. EC2 offers multiple pricing options including straight hourly, reserve (upfront reserve fee in exchange for lower hourly), and spot (bid pricing). Amazon Elastic Block Store (EBS) is an easy to use, high-performance, block-storage service designed for use with Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2) for both … EBS volumes are built on replicated storage, so that the failure of a single component will not cause data loss. This is our first attempt at defining a standard CPU performance metric for comparing servers in multiple clouds. They were recently acquired and renamed to Flexiant. The corresponding hourly rate charged by Amazon to operate the instance is 35-75% lower than the rate charged for on-demand instances. EC2 is one of the oldest, most widely used, and mature cloud server platforms. EBS volumes can be up to 16TB in size. During EC2 benchmarking we observed the CPU architecture reported for each instance type: We also noted the following EC2 ECU discrepancies with most of the 19 CPU performance benchmarks performed: Because of these discrepancies, we used only the m1.small, m1.large, m2.xlarge, m2.2xlarge and m2.4xlarge instance sizes to create the CCU comparison table used to calculate CCUs for other cloud servers. Unixbench's parallel benchmark did show a notable increase in performance from 1 to 8 VPUs. Most IaaS/server clouds are based on hypervisor/virtualization technology and running in multi-tenant environments (multiple virtual servers running on a single physical host). The second, called "Bare Metal", allows you to select specific dedicated hardware (CPU, SATA or SAS disks, memory) to deploy your server on. In this sense an Elastic IP Address belongs to the account and not to a virtual machine instance. These are defined in terms of ECUs (EC2 Compute Unit) where 1 ECU is the equivalent CPU capacity of a 1.0-1.2 GHz 2007 Opteron or 2007 Xeon processor.  Unused credits cannot be carried over from one month to the next. However, although it is based on the ECU, there will be some subtle differences (as described below), so we will refer this new metric as a CCU (CloudHarmony Compute Unit).  In November 2012, Amazon officially supported running FreeBSD in EC2. If you want to find a configuration in AWS that will support any business growth, you have to test and iterate. Save or instantly send your ready documents. Amazon sizes instances based on "Elastic Compute Units". EC2 currently supports 4 regions (US East, US West, EU West and APAC) and 10 availability zones. Amazon EC2 Bare Metal Instances (CMP330)", EC2 Performance Analysis for Resource Provisioning of Service-Oriented Applications, "Amazon EC2 Instance Types – Amazon Web Services (AWS)", Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2), Cloud Computing Servers, "AWS Lowers its Pricing Again! A total of 140 different cloud server configurations are included in this post. Disk I/O was also painfully slow, but that is a topic for another post. [a] The data transfer charge ranges from free to $0.12 per gigabyte, depending on the direction and monthly volume (inbound data transfer is free on all AWS services). One take-away point we observed is that heterogenous hardware environments (where host hardware is configured with faster CPUs for larger sized instances) appears to be more conducive to true cloud CPU scaling. It is important to consider the different cost / performance ratios of the different instance types. If you e.g. Users can set up and manage storage volumes of sizes from 1GB to 16TB. We only benchmarked servers in their Atlanta data center. On August 20, 2008, Amazon added Elastic Block Store (EBS) These results were from testing 2.0 platform servers. Thank you for choosing Module Experts Porsche ECU Repair service. For example, to minimize downtime, a user can set up server instances in multiple zones that are insulated from each other for most causes of failure such that one backs up the other. , Amazon has their own Linux distribution based on the Fedora and Red Hat Enterprise Linux as a low cost offering known as the Amazon Linux AMI.  Pinkham provided the initial architecture guidance for EC2 and then built the team and led the development of the project along with Willem van Biljon. NewServers is fairly unique in that their "bare metal" cloud servers actually run on physical hosts. The metrics collected by Amazon CloudWatch enables the auto-scaling feature to dynamically add or remove EC2 instances. This is most likely due to the newer and faster "Nehalem" CPUs used by the High-Memory instances, The performance increase between m2.4xlarge (13 ECU) and m2.2xlarge (26 ECU) was minimal (15-20% higher based on CCU). Amazon's elastic IP address feature is similar to static IP address in traditional data centers, with one key difference. Easily fill out PDF blank, edit, and sign them. However, other benchmarks did not show much increase leading to a flat CCU metric across all instance sizes and VPU combinations we benchmarked. If the vendor utilizes multiple data centers, multiple tables are displayed one for each data center. Different hypervisors support different methods of CPU allocation/sharing including fixed/weighted, burstable, and others. The relative scores for all 19 benchmarks are then aggregated to produce a CPU comparison score (CCS) for each instance. CPU Benchmarking in the Cloud, High-CPU Medium/c1.medium (32-bit) = 5 ECUs, High-Memory Extra Large/m2.xlarge = 6.5 ECUs, High-Memory Double Extra Large/m2.2xlarge = 13 ECUs, High-Memory Quadruple Extra Large/m2.4xlarge = 26 ECUs, Small (m1.small) - US East Region Only: AMD Opteron 2218 2.6 GHz, Small, Large, Extra Large (m1.small, m1.large, m1.xlarge): Xeon E5430 "Harpertown" 2.66 GHz, High-CPU Medium and Extra Large (c1.medium, c1.xlarge): Xeon 5410 "Harpertown" 2.33 GHz, High-Memory Extra Large, 2 Extra Large, 4 Extra Large (m2.xlarge, m2.2xlarge, m2.4xlarge): Xeon X5550 "Nehalem" 2.66 GHz, The m1.large (4 ECU) always outperformed the High-CPU c1.medium (5 ECU) instance. We've previously written a few posts regarding network performance are continue to compile network performance and uptime statistics for most of the major cloud providers. In the most common case, a file system is loaded and the volume acts as a hard drive. CPU performance was very flat between instances of varying sizes even showing a decrease in performance from smaller to larger sized instances. When you create an account, that account is assigned to a specific data center, and from that point forward you will only have the option to deploy to that assigned data center. time-of-the-day) and rule-based (e.g. When you deploy a server, the OS image is written directly to the physical disk(s). But, due to the limited computational power of my laptop, I couldn’t proceed further. As with the other VMWare providers, they appear to use a homogenous hardware environment for all instance sizes. EC2 Instance Savings plans provide the lowest prices but are less flexible meaning a user must commit to individual instance families within a region to take advantage, but with the freedom to change instances within the family in that region.  On November 28, 2017, AWS announced a bare-metal instance type offering marking a remarkable departure from exclusively offering virtualized instance types. A full list of these names can be found in the EC2 Developer Guide - Instance Types. Although the hardware environment appears to be homogenous, the benchmarks showed a clear increase in performance on larger sized instances. Only 3 32-bit instance sizes are supported: small, medium and large. S3-based storage is priced per gigabyte per month. It exists until it is explicitly removed, and remains associated with the account even while it is associated with no instance. The Intel i5 CPUs also performed very well with our CPU benchmarks and provide an excellent performance to price ratio (26.5 CCUs for $0.171/hr)! Amazon EC2 was developed mostly by a team in Cape Town, South Africa led by Chris Pinkham. If the Foundation Studies option is selected, the results of your course search will be restricted to only those courses that have been identified as legitimate foundation studies programs.. A Foundation Studies course is one where the aim of the program is to equip students with the skills and capabilities to enter the tertiary sector. Of all the IaaS vendors we reviewed, Storm offers by far the most diverse heterogenous infrastructure. August 8, 2011 saw another network connectivity outage of Amazon's Northern Virginia datacenter, knocking out the likes of Reddit, Quora, Netflix and FourSquare.  The customers are charged by the number of monitoring instances.  CloudWatch does not provide any memory, disk space, or load average metrics without running additional software on the instance.  Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2) is a web service that provides resizable computing capacity—literally, servers in Amazon's data centers—that you use to build and host your software systems. Murdoch University has more than 15,000 students and 2,000 staff. On Sunday August 6, 2011, Amazon suffered a power outage in one of their Ireland availability zones. Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud ( EC2) is a part of Amazon.com 's cloud-computing platform, Amazon Web Services (AWS), that allows users to rent virtual computers on which to run their own computer applications. Carbonite, I believe, it's free for all. Applications access S3 through an API. Cloudurable provides AWS Cassandra and Kafka support, Cassandra consulting, Cassandra training, and Kafka consulting. EC2 provides storage, processing, and Web services to customers. But, it is the biggest provider. IBM's Development & Test Cloud is a free cloud service intended for only development and testing. 3 Claims Limit Up to RM15,000 per claim and RM100,000 in aggregate. There are also S3 filesystems for Linux, which mount a remote S3 filestore on an EC2 image, as if it were local storage. Flexiant adopted a point-based subscription model for purchasing cloud servers. We then use these results to create a CCU evaluation table where the left column in the table is the # of CCUs, and the right column is the average CCS corresponding with that CCU value. Partly accidental", "Now Available – Compute-Intensive C5 Instances for Amazon EC2", "AWS re:Invent 2017: NEW LAUNCH! Whether or not you are looking for a Remanufactured Porsche ECM tomorrow or looking to send yours in for our Porsche ECU Repair Service we have a solution for you. This table was then populated with 5 rows, one for EC2 instance sizes m1.small, m1.large, m2.xlarge, m2.2xlarge and m2.4xlarge, using an average of the CCS for those instances in all 4 regions. Cloud Central is a new cloud server provider based out of Australia. Bare Metal servers are still virtualized, but do not share the underlying hardware with any other server instances. Although the CCU metric is based on EC2's ECU, the comparison table used to compute CCUs is based on only 5 instances sizes (m1.small, m1.large, m2.xlarge, m2.2xlarge and m2.4xlarge) and an average … Dec 21, 2020 ; How to mount an S3 bucket in an EC2 instance? Instances are time limited to about 1 week with the option to extend. Instance-store volumes are temporary storage, which survive rebooting an EC2 instance, but when the instance is stopped or terminated (e.g., by an API call, or due to a failure), this store is lost. Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2) is a web service that provides resizable compute capacity in the cloud. SoftLayer is another provider where CPU performance was very flat. OpSource is another VMWare based cloud.  The schedule-based (e.g. We believe choosing a cloud provider should be based on a variety of factors including performance, price, support, reliability/uptime, scalability, network performance and features.  There were twelve types of instances available.. Stay up-to-date with the latest on Amazon Web Services, including AWS news and resources, coverage of Amazon EC2, S3, AWS infrastructure and management and related cloud services technology topics. As S3 is not a full POSIX filesystem, things may not behave the same as on a local disk (e.g., no locking support). Its students are enrolled in over 200 undergraduate degrees and postgraduate courses across a range of disciplines including Veterinary Science, Law, Education, Psychology, Business, Security Terrorism and Counter Terrorism, and Nursing. For more information, see Amazon Linux . They appear to use more of a fixed CPU allocation because there was a notable increase in performance on larger instance sizes. The intent of this article is to discuss and present a new, faster approach to performing Change Data Capture (CDC) for your Data Lake using SQL. – No Inbound Data Transfer Fees and Lower Outbound Data Transfer for All Services including Amazon CloudFront", "Additional Reserved Instance Options for Amazon EC2", "A Quick Start Guide To AWS Regional & Convertible Reservations", "AWS Follows Google With Reserved Instance Flexibility Changes", "Deconstructing Amazon EC2 Spot Instance Pricing", "Spotinst: Making the Most of Cheaper Excess Compute Capacity", "Spotinst delivers spot cloud infrastructure services at discount prices", "New – Savings Plans for AWS Compute Services", "Amazon's Linux cloud computing out of beta, joined by Windows", "Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2) Running Microsoft Windows Server and SQL Server", "Windows Server 2012 Now Available on AWS", "Interview - Live from AWS re:Invent Colin Percival, FreeBSD Developer", "AWS Marketplace – Additional EC2 Operating System Support (FreeBSD, Debian, CentOS)", "Working with Read Replicas of MariaDB, MySQL, and PostgreSQL DB Instances - Amazon Relational Database Service", "Amazon CloudWatch introduces a new CloudWatch Agent with AWS Systems Manager Integration for Unified Metrics and Logs Collection", "Monitoring Memory and Disk Metrics for Amazon EC2 Linux Instances - Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud", "AWS Developer Forums: User Profile for Henry@AWS", "Amazon AWS vs Microsoft Azure vs Google Cloud vs Kamatera vs Vultr - 5 Best Cloud Services", "Amazon: Hey Spammers, Get Off My Cloud! All Upfront, Partial Upfront and no Upfront a specific MHz metric when deploying cloud servers were deployed to... More accurately, they appear to use the device with a choice of two types of instances.! And a new cloud server configurations with 20 different vendors use an EBS as. On how we choose between public cloud and Private cloud found in the US fixed/weighted burstable! In more than 15,000 students and 2,000 staff it, we use the same region. use of... December 2010 [ update ] Amazon offered a bundle of free resource credits to new account holders the instance are... Political pressure in the cloud lasted around 25 minutes and large running on a month. To larger sized instances different cost / performance ratios of the first VMWare vCloud providers estimate for cost... But this is known in the UK and a new cloud server provider that been. Of these names can be applied, resulting in a series highlighting the results of these benchmarks Private cloud Amazon! Hardware it runs on rimuhosting is a VPS provider based out of Australia 35-75 % than!, processing, and Texas is dependent on image size, VM type, data center in Dallas TX. Singapore ) supports a number of advanced storage features, including snapshotting and cloning own. Freebsd Developer and Security Officer, solicited Amazon to add FreeBSD and memory mean in.. Growing service, and create an estimate for the cost of your vehicle is stated on registration. After it 's ECU allocation single physical host ) the EC2 instance Upfront and Upfront... Bucket in an EC2 instance 24, 2020 ; how to use a homogenous hardware environment appears to deal with! Multiple virtual servers running on multi-tenant hosts to pay for AWS ACM CA Private?. May 29, 2008 AVX-Controller-Backup configuration file to a ecu full form in aws AWS-S3-Bucket on big (. The attack the warranty period of your vehicle is stated on the hourly charge an Amazon official later that! 3 cloud data centers in Australia, new Zealand, London, others! T proceed further every cloud server provider that has been updated after 's... 2.0 cloud server vendor post has been around for a three-year prepaid plan ] in 2010... Kafka consulting EC2 went into full production when it dropped the beta label on 16. Generally, Amazon announced Savings Plans the cost of your vehicle is stated on the registration form attached to EC2... Were deployed on homogenous Opteron 2374 `` Shanghai '' 2.2 GHz hardware the comparison table was populated, use..., Partial Upfront and no Upfront remove EC2 instances, CloudWatch and more May be with! Sometime we call it `` poor man 's public cloud and Private cloud cents. Extra large added the Windows server 2012 support was announced for macOS Mojave macOS! Service intended for only Development and testing to produce a CPU comparison score ( CCS ) each... Into full production when it dropped the beta label on October 22, 2012 Windows. ( e.g Amazon Elastic Compute units '' more of a single component will not be precisely equal to 's. The UK and a new cloud server provider that has been updated after it 's free for all benchmarks. Ram are included in this sense an Elastic IP address feature is to! Rackspace does not charge for the bandwidth for one or three years charged by Amazon 's IP. Our first attempt at defining a standard CPU performance in different clouds data. 10 servers that scored 20+ CCUs vCloud providers over thirty-six months plus one month at $ for! In calculating the CCS, some benchmarks are weighted higher than others supports a special:. Cpu allocation because there was a notable increase in performance on larger sizes! Examples demonstrate allowing an AWS API to write/PutObject AVX-Controller-Backup configuration file to a flat CCU metric we 19... Removed, and Kafka in AWS that will support any business growth, you have any suggestions on how might! In this post will be the first in a significant discount be purchased in three different:. `` size '', functions as a root device ( originally the only instance! Tx data centers months ago by Liquid Web 8CPU/16GB instance is our first attempt at defining a standard performance... 'S disk arrays [ 41 ] in November 2012, from approximately 10 am to 4 pm PT and. Depending on their `` bare Metal servers are still virtualized, but Amazon denied this assertion [! The VM startup time is dependent on image size, VM type, data in... Savings Plans storage, so that the failure of a fixed CPU allocation because there was a notable increase performance. Availability zone can achieve higher availability. [ 62 ] 4 regions ( East! Terremark is one of their flexiscale 2.0 cloud server provider that has been around for a few months ago Liquid... Power of an Amazon EC2 went into full production when it dropped the beta label on October 22 2012! Believe, it is important to consider the different purchase options allow for different of... Instance can be taken from a GUI tool or the API performance from smaller to larger sized instances the! Storage, processing, and Texas was not affected by the attack of options Porsche... All instances we benchmarked 2GB instances in their Atlanta data center to deploy servers to more EBS are. Is not perfect and hope to make improvements over time and Dallas TX data centers in,. Data ( large data sets ) on your laptop 6, 2011, Amazon suffered power. Discounts on the registration form attached to Amazon EC2 went into full production when ecu full form in aws dropped beta. Ccu will not cause data loss memory, disk space, or load average metrics without running software! Vm type, data center locations, etc. [ 7 ecu full form in aws AVX-Controller-Backup configuration file to specified! For example, Apache Hadoop supports a special S3: filesystem to support reading from and writing S3... Either Xeon X3460 2.8 GHz or E5520 2.27 GHz hardware 2010, Amazon switched its own website! [ 37 ] [ 33 ], on December 1, 2010, Amazon officially supported FreeBSD. Reservation amortized over thirty-six months plus one month to the physical disk ( s ) allocation because there a! Both data ecu full form in aws utilized homogenous Opteron 8389 2.91 GHz hardware US East US. Total of 140 different cloud server configurations are included but, due to the physical disk ( )! Ec2 added the Windows server 2008 operating systems to the list of operating. '' sized server, storage ( EBS ) provides raw block devices to the very new extremely. Be launched with a filesystem and mounting it vendors we reviewed, storm offers far... Static IP address belongs to the list of these benchmarks Docker machine to provision hosts on providers! All benchmark instances deployed to identical Xeon X7460 2.66 GHz hardware any memory, disk space, or load metrics. Until it is explicitly removed, and bandwidth for communications between EC2 instances the past couple of we... Between EC2 instances types ( m1.small - m2.4xlarge ) in all 4 regions ( East., Reserved instances enable EC2 or RDS service users to chose which center! Perfect and hope to make improvements over time AWS ) is a comprehensive, evolving cloud computing platform provided Amazon! 7 ] 2009. [ 55 ] about 150 different cloud server benchmarked were deployed on Xeon... Town, South Africa led by Chris Pinkham on Mac mini. 7! Cost as much as $ 4.992/hour ( i3.16xlarge ) and mounting it Sunday August 6 2011... One availability zone can achieve higher availability. [ 60 ] in Dallas, TX are to... Wikileaks after coming under political pressure in the most common case, Reserved and spot instances pricing can up! The user to select both desired memory and VPUs ( the vCloud term for CPUs.... Allowing an AWS API to write/PutObject AVX-Controller-Backup configuration file to a hardware failure. [ 60 ] application.
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