gallic acid: review

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Gallic acid (GA) is a phenolic compound, which has been reported to suppress melanogenesis in melanoma cells. However, the effects of GA on KSHV replication and KSHV‐induced tumorigenesis have not yet been reported. peer review and publication policy Peer-review is the system used to assess the quality of a manuscript before it is published. Free gallic acid would presumably make an effective antioxidant but its solubility in lipids is low. 1. In addition to prescription drugs, nutraceuticals/medicinal foods are progressively included as adjunct of cardiovascular maladies, cancer, hepatitis C, inflammation, HCV infection and neurological disorders, even though most of them have been exclusively studied in vitro. J. Med. 60, 233–239 (2013).•• Summarizes anticarcinogenic effects of gallic acid alkyl esters and its molecular mechanism.Crossref, Medline, CAS, Google Scholar; 9 Saeed N, Khan MR, Shabbir M. Chem. Numerous studies have indicated that the alkyl esters are more effective against tumor cell lines than gallic acid, and that this activity is related to their hydrophobic moiety. Gallic acid (GA), one of the most abundant phenolic acids in the plant kingdom, has been shown potential chemotherapeutic efficacy against microbial and cancer. Thank you for your interest in spreading the word about The BMJ. Gallic acid (3,4,5-trihydroxybenzoic acid) is a phenolic acid widely distributed in many different families of higher plants, both in free state, and as a part of more complex molecules, such as ester derivatives or polymers. Gallic acid is a trihydroxybenzoic acid in which the hydroxy groups are at positions 3, 4, and 5. Eur. Introduction. Gallic acid (3,4,5 trihydroxybenzoic acid) is a secondary metabolite present in most plants. A Role of Gallic Acid in Oxidative Damage Diseases: A Comprehensive Review Jiayu Gao1, Jiangxia Hu1, Dongyi Hu1, and Xiao Yang2 Abstract Gallic acid is a trihydroxybenzoic acid of plant metabolites widely spread throughout the plant kingdom. The gallic acid stock solution was prepared by dissolving gallic acid powder in 20 m m PB, pH 7.4. See customer reviews, validations & product citations. Gallic acid (also known as 3,4,5-trihydroxybenzoic acid) is a trihydroxybenzoic acid with the formula C 6 H 2 3 CO 2 H. It is classified as a phenolic acid.It is found in gallnuts, sumac, witch hazel, tea leaves, oak bark, and other plants. Exploring the multifaceted neuroprotective actions of gallic acid: a review. Protocatechuic acid (PCA) is a type of widely distributed naturally occurring phenolic acid. directly or indirectly by human community. Flavonoids and polyphenols are heterocyclic molecules that have been associated with beneficial effects on human health, such as reducing the risk of various diseases like cancer, diabetes, and cardiovascular and brain diseases. NOTE: We only request your email address so that the person you are recommending the page to knows that you wanted them to see it, and that it is not junk mail. Plant polyphenols (vegetable tannins): gallic acid metabolism. Author information: (1)Department of Chemistry, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S3 7HF. Gallic acid (3,4,5-Trihydroxybenzoic acid, Gallate, Benzoic acid), known as powerful antioxidants, is an organic acid found in a variety of foods and ... Quality confirmed by NMR & HPLC. A patent was granted (Weetal, 1985b) for the synthesis of propyl gallate using tannase immobilized on porous silica. This metabolite is known to exhibit a range of bioactivities including antioxidant, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, and anticancer. Gallic acid is an organic acid found in foods such as blueberries, apples, flaxseeds, tea leaves, oak bark, walnuts and watercress. Gallic acid and gallate esters are widely used as dietary supplements or additives with clinical significances. It has characteristics of the strong antioxidant and free radical scavenging activities, and can protect biological cells, tissues, and organs from damages caused by oxidative stress. It has characteristics of If in scope, these drugs will include RxNorm normal forms when editing is complete. By monitoring the decay of SO4•- after flash photolysis of aqueous solutions of S2O82- at different pH values, the kinetics of the reaction of SO4•- radicals with gallic acid and the gallate ion was investigated. Phytochemicals modulate key cellular signaling pathways and have proven anticancer effects. They have also been im … Alkyl esters of gallic acid as anticancer agents: a review. It is a white solid, although samples are typically brown owing to partial oxidation. Because of the presence of the three hydroxyls, gallic acid esters make very effective antioxidants. Gallic acid (GA), a natural component of many plants, is used as an antioxidant agent. Gallic acid (GA), a class of phenolic compounds, also known as 3,4,5-trihydroxybenzoic acid, is a naturally occurring secondary metabolite found in various plants, vegetables, nuts and fruits [, , ].Among many polyphenols, GA is a low molecular weight tri-phenolic compound with excellent anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative activities []. 23, No. Abstract. Gallic acid, substance occurring in many plants, either in the free state or combined as gallotannin.It is present to the extent of 40–60 percent combined as gallotannic acid in tara (any of various plants of the genus Caesalpinia) and in Aleppo and Chinese galls (swellings of plant tissue), from which it is obtained commercially by the action of acids or alkalies. GALLICUM ACIDUM AC- gallic acid monohydrate pellet Under Review - Editing is pending for RxNorm. Thus, it is esterified with propionic acid to increase lipid solubility. 1, pp. Reviewers in the relevant research area assess submitted manuscripts for originality, validity and significance to help editors to determine whether the manuscript should be published in the journal. (2020). PMID: 15206456 [Indexed for MEDLINE] Publication Types: Review; MeSH terms. Gallic acid is one such diet-derived phenolic substance being surveyed. Gallic acid or 3, 4, 5‐trihydroxybenzoic acid (CAS No 149‐91‐7) is one of the most abundant phenolic acids in the plant kingdom (Al Zahrani et al., 2020). In this review, studies of the effects of gallic acid, its esters, and gallic acid catechin derivatives on Phase I and Phase II enzymes are examined. PG is the n-propyl ester of gallic acid. Gallic acid is also used in the enzymatic synthesis of propyl gallate, which is mainly used an an antioxidant in fats and oils, as well as in beverages (Weetal, 1985a). Gallic Acid Monohydrate Packaging Type Container Container Glass Amber Wide Mouth Container ... Review Atleast 50 Characters. Gallic acid is a trihydroxybenzoic acid of plant metabolites widely spread throughout the plant kingdom. International Journal of Food Properties: Vol. JBC Reviews; Gallic acid is a dual α/β-secretase modulator that reverses cognitive impairment and remediates pathology in Alzheimer mice. Review of literature reveals hepatoprotective potential of gallic acid in alleviating paracetamol-induced liver damage in mice, hepatic ischemia reperfusion injury in rats, CCl 4-induced acute Gallic acid (GA), a polyphenolic compound, has been reported to prevent various diseases. ... Peer-review. The concentrations of vanillic acid and gallic acid needed for 50% inhibition (I 50 values) of the seedling growth of the cress and Italian ryegrass were 0.04-15.4 and 0.45-6.6 mM, respectively. It has a role as an astringent, a cyclooxygenase 2 inhibitor, a plant metabolite, an antioxidant, an antineoplastic agent, a human xenobiotic metabolite, an EC 1.13.11.33 (arachidonate 15-lipoxygenase) inhibitor and an apoptosis inducer.It is a conjugate acid of a gallate. Tea infusion contains caffeine along with different acids such as gallic acid, oxalic acid, and tannic acid, which can form stable co‐crystals. In nature, these compounds are widely distributed in plants and fruits, and thus they are being used as food stuffs, preservatives, etc. However, the molecular mechanism underlying this inhibitory effect was poorly understood. GA is a 3,4,5-trihydroxybenzoic acid (C 6 H 2 (OH) 3 COOH), a type of phenolic organic compound found in many plants and food substances. Gallic acid was added to the fibrils in PB such that the final concentration of gallic acid was 0, 0.1, 0.5, or 1.0 m m. The ascorbic acid stock solution was made by dissolving ascorbic acid powder in PB. Its supplements are available as capsules, ointments and liquid extracts, and have been used traditionally to treat a variety of ailments. Salts and esters of gallic acid are termed "gallates". Objective This study assesses the hepatoprotective effects of GA in the rat model of DIC-induced liver toxicity. 736-752. In nature, gallic acid and its derivatives are present in nearly every par … Haslam E(1), Cai Y. 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