steel or lead shot for turkey hunting

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Steel is lighter so we recommend using #2-5 shot size. From high-tech lead substitutes to quality steel shot, these are the best duck and goose loads on the market The literal size of the shot inside shotgun shells can vary considerably when we begin to speak exact numbers. Hunting Use The loads included a 11⁄8-ounce load of size 71/2 lead shot, the most common load used by Texas dove hunters; a one-ounce load of size 7 steel shot; and a one-ounce load of size 6 steel shot. Steel BB shot at 1500 fps gets 3.50" of gel penetration at 18.1 yards. During the test, hunters killed more than 300 pheasants at a North Dakota hunting club, shooting factory-loaded ammo with number 2, 4, and 6 steel shot at 1375 feet per second. The equivalent of a turkey load, there’s also 3-inch Heavy Pheasant shells loaded with 1⅞ oz. Steel shot can’t be used in full chokes and X-full turkey chokes can be dangerous shooting steel shot in. Some shot sizes are huge and you will never see them in turkey shells while others are so small you may have never heard of them at all. And more states are mandating its use in select areas for upland bird hunting--even for doves on some state lands. I have to use lead free shot on coyotes so I use the denser than lead shot. #3 steel shot is the perfect substitution for situations where lead is prohibited or where you want less penetration. Non-lead turkey shotgun chokes include specialty made chokes for tungsten, Hevi-Shot or waterfowl chokes designed for steel. Washington state has gradually been working to eliminate use of lead shot for hunting … Patternmaster Code Black turkey choke MOJO Fatal Shot Choke shot at 1300 fps, though I surmise damage to edible meat and cumulative recoil would make this a poor choice. So, when I’m turkey hunting with my old Winchester Model 12, the very latest in turkey hunting ammunition is always in the chamber; it kills turkeys at distances that amaze me. Steel is mandated for all waterfowl hunting and for some other types of hunting and shooting in some places because it’s non-toxic and won’t harm animals that ingest it. But even if given the option, many hunters are confused by the distinction. For home defense, the steel option offers slightly less penetration than the lead round, making it safer than larger ammo types like 00 buck.. Steel doesn’t compress like lead. What must a gun know before deciding on its replacement? If I was shooting steel I would probably try a higher velocity load with #4 shot and use an IC or Modified choke depending on how you are hunting. The denser than lead tungsten alloy shot out performs lead shot by quite a bit. I probably go a bit larger than some; I use #2 steel for ducks and pheasants, I use BB steel on geese, all of these will be 3" shells and I will go to 3.5" as a third shot on geese. Lead in Ammunition. Personally I use 3″ 1-3/8oz #5 bismuth that is 1450fps and an IC choke. A lighter load or expecting longer shots I’d maybe use a modified choke. Buy online or call 262.397.8819 to learn more. Steel and lead are the most common and most affordable shotgun pellet materials. You grow old because you stop hunting. The 10 Best Shotgun Loads for Waterfowl Hunting. If … During the past two decades, despite a plethora of nontoxic-shot types coming to the market--steel, bismuth, and tungsten composites--bird hunters have taken primarily to shooting steel shot. So there ya go, a few reasons why I don’t like steel shot. Pattern your gun and see what chokes work with what loads at certain yardages. They are not for use with shotgun slugs or steel shot. Test results also showed more than 3 inches of penetration in ballistic gel and deep dents, with a few pellets even busting completely through a thin sheet of steel at 40 yards. You should be aware that the reference to #7 shot in the new regulations, DOES NOT imply the use of 7-1/2 lead shot. USA: Ammunition other than lead required for waterfowl. If you are going to use steel shot you better get up close and personal, like inside 20 yards. Steel rusts, I have seen the whole steel shot load turn into a solid mass of rust in shells that weren’t sealed well. You can shoot doves with lead shot in the same field that you duck hunt in with no problem. Should Bird Hunters Use Non-Toxic Shot for Grouse and Woodcock? So it is illegal to use 7-1/2 lead shot for wild turkey. Several of these have proven to be deadly in turkey hunting loads as well. Shot Identification Chart. Lead shot vs steel: The Field's guide to the ballistics The Field | July 2020 Lead has been used for centuries to deliver a clean kill. 7 steel shot. Legal shot is steel, bismuth-tin, tungsten-polymer, tungsten-iron, tungsten matrix, tungsten-nickle-iron, tungsten-ironnickel- tin, and steel shot coated with copper, nickel, zinc chromate, or zinc chloride. The different load types included: 1 ⅛ ounce of No. Additionally, all types of hunting with lead fine shot on Federal Waterfowl Production Areas has been illegal in Minnesota since 1999. The opposite is true for steel. Since scientists determined that even the smallest trace amounts of lead can be detrimental to humans, animals we hunt and the environment, more and more areas are restricting the use of lead shot. The PatternMaster Code Black Turkey Choke Tube is for use with ammunition designed for turkey hunting such as lead, copper and lead combination, and Hevi-Shot, as well as FLITECONTROL wads. If you are hunting where non-toxic shot is required, I'd use HeviShot or bismuth or tungsten, but not steel. Hunters will find that lead and steel shot perform differently. I would recommend using larger steel than you would lead. Since the 1980s, lead shot has been banned nationally for use in hunting waterfowl. The following is a listing of which states currently have regulations on the books for use of shot types for different type of hunting: Non-toxic shot regulations by state. Titan Reloading offers Lead and Steel Shotshell Shot of Various Sizes at affordable prices. Currently the only #7 shot available is steel. You don't stop hunting because you grow old. Provides the Minnesota DNR's position on using non-toxic shot as well as lead tackle and ammunition. Why do they make lead shot illegal for ducks? Check state or provincial regulations to determine legal ammunition. Lead is ballistically superior and still allowed for most upland hunting and target shooting. Public-land hunting opportunities prevail in northwestern, southcentral and southwestern Indiana. Magnum Blend Turkey offers an even blend of 5, 6 and 7 shot (4, 6 and 7 is available in 12-gauge), and all loads share a muzzle velocity of 1,200 fps. Steel doesn't have the mass (weight) per … The study examined three, 12-gauge, 2 ¾-inch loads designed and manufactured to mirror loads that are used most often by dove hunters. 4 or No. 7 ½ lead shot, 1 ounce of No. This is valuable not only for turkey hunting, but all of your hunting seasons. Lead vs. steel shot is a somewhat controversial topic among shotgun shooting hunters. You can shoot squirrels with lead shot in the woods where you duck hunt in with no problem, but you cant shoot ducks with lead shot when your duck hunting. Nontoxic shot has been required for waterfowl hunting since 1992. Number 4, 5, and 6 shot sizes are available in all of the abovementioned loads. Lead shot weighs about 10.6 g/cc and is a relatively soft metal, deforms easily and … U.S law requires the use of non-toxic (steel, bismuth, tungsten, etc) while hunting waterfowl! These numbers are capable of killing a wild turkey, and even rival the numbers produced by some 12-gauge turkey guns using No. Steel shot weighs about 7.5 grams per cubic centimeter (g/cc) and is harder than lead. In my opinion steel shot should never be used on coyotes. If you are just going out to sling some lead I would use 00 Buck with a full choke on a regular/field barrel. Hope this clarifies this issue. It is illegal to possess lead shot while hunting waterfowl or hunting in a Non-Toxic-Shot-Only area. - Gun Nut Material properties. For the first 30 years or so of that time, everything was fine. Lead poisoning became a major issue in the hunting community in the mid-1970s , after a federal study estimated that between 1.6 and 2.4 million waterfowl died annually from swallowing lead shot. Lead shot which was used for many years was contaminating wetlands and waterfowl. Then the Federal government banned the use of lead shot for waterfowl in 1991. $99.99. 5 lead loads. Hunting is open statewide, though somewhat scarce in certain locations outside of these regions. Regardless of whether you use lead or steel shot, fire some test shots at the range to find out how lead and/or steel shot shoots in your shotgun. Because of its toxicity the use of lead shot for waterfowl hunting has been illegal in Minnesota since 1987 and nationally since 1991. Bismuth is between lead and steel. Don't go using large shot size through a tight choke, like turkey. Most hunting loads using steel are higher velocity to compensate for the decreased mass of the steel. Here at Turkey Hunting Nation, we imagine spring gobbler opportunities are acceptable for state residents, but not all that appealing otherwise. Look at the density of the shot holes in the paper. SIMON WEST. Provides links to summaries of information about the potential environmental and health impacts of using lead shot when hunting. There’s one exception to the improvement of modern ammunition; steel shot is not an improvement over lead shot – for the shotgunner. Alabama: Non-toxic required for migratory birds, except doves. Contains a link to in-depth and detailed literature review and details of non-toxic shot regulations throughout the United States. The organisations that represent live-quarry shooting have said that they want to move away from the use of lead shot over the next five years. They shot birds at distances ranging from less than 20 yards to more than 60. Please check your state’s turkey hunting regulations for minimum and maximum shot size restrictions. 6 steel shot, and 1 ounce of No. Hevi-Shot is a non-toxic alternative, which patterns as well as lead, yet cooperates much better with the environment. 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